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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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is used in line 6 of the latter epigraph in the \expndtw1 sense of 300 and not 103 years from the time of Nanda-\expndtw14 raja, identified with Mahapadma.\super 1\nosupersub  It would thus \expndtw5 appear that Kharavela flourished some time about the \expndtw3 third quarter of the first century \b B.C.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Events}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi475\ri0\sb187\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Having received training in writing, mathematics, \expndtw0 law, and finance, necessary for a crown-prince, Kharavela \expndtw13 ascended the throne in his 24th year. He spent the \expndtw6 first year of his reign in completing certain works of \expndtw9 public utility. In the second year he defied the might \expndtw6 of Satakarni, and attacked the city of Musika.\super 2\nosupersub  The \expndtw5 Rathikas and Bhojakas submitted to him in the fourth \expndtw7 year, and in the fifth Kharavela extended a canal that \expndtw8 had not been used for "ti-vasa-sata" since Nandaraja \expndtw4 had brought it into the capital. The Kalinga monarch \expndtw8 invaded Magadha twice\loch\af8\hich\af8\dbch\f9\cchs0 \'97\hich\af8\dbch\af9\loch\f8\cchs0 in the 8th and izth years of \expndtw16 his reign. The people of Magadha were terrified, \expndtw4 and Bahasatimitra, who is said to have been then ruling \expndtw7 at Rajagriha, was compelled to sue for peace. Nothing \expndtw3 is known about the latter, but his name as well as the \expndtw12 location of his capital militates against identifying \expndtw8 him with Pusyamitra. The successes of Kharavela \expndtw2 overawed the Yavana general, whose name and identity \expndtw7 are, however not quite clear.\super 3\nosupersub  The Pandyas were sub-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi400\ri0\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx515 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw3 Pol. Hist. Anc. Ind., \i0 4th ed., pp. 314-15,   337-38,  345.    See\line \i\expndtw8 Ante \i0 for the date of Mahapadma.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi400\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx515 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw4 In place of Musikanagara, Dr.  D.C.   Sirkar reads  Asikana-\line \expndtw2 gara, city of the Asikas (\loch\af8\hich\af8\dbch\f9\cchs0 \'97\hich\af8\dbch\af9\loch\f8\cchs0 Rsikas of the \i Puranas), \i0 which he locates\line \expndtw5 on the left bank of the Krisna (or Kanhabenna)\loch\af8\hich\af8\dbch\f9\cchs0 \'97\i\hich\af8\dbch\af9\loch\f8\cchs0 J.N.S.L, \i0 Vol. Ill,\line pt. I (June, 1941), p. 62.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi400\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx515 \f9\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw7 The reading D(i)mi(ta)or Dimita (Demetrios), proposed by\line \expndtw4 the late Prof. R. D. Banerji and Dr. K. P. Jayasval, is by no means\line \expndtw10 certain (cf. line 8, Hathigumpha inscription, \i Ep. Ind., \i0\b XX, \b0 pp.\line \expndtw2 71 f). See also Tarn, \i The Greeks in Bactria and Jndia, \i0 Appendix V,\line \expndtw0 PP- 457-59-}\par }